Indian Judiciary

Indian Judiciary System; An Overview

1. Introduction

Indian Judiciary system one of the three pillars (Legislative, Executives, and Judiciary) of Indian democracy  ensures the rule of law, interprets, administers justice, and makes checks and balances of executives and parliament activities, though parliament is the supreme law-making body and can amend the constitution, however, it cannot amend constitution’s basic structure as it was decided in the case of Keshavananda Bharti V/s State of Kerala (AIR 1973 SC 1461)

Courts are the institutions where disputes are adjudicated, and justice is administered. The Indian judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, High Courts, and subordinate courts that resolve disputes between union and state, state and state, state and citizen, and in limited cases according to their jurisdiction in appeals arising out of private disputes. Contains substantial questions of law.

2. Authority Embedded in the Constitution of India

The Supreme Court is India’s highest court. It is placed at the apex of the judicial structure under Article 124 (1) of the constitution of India and Article 141 empowers the supreme court that the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all Courts in India and Article 32 empowers issue the writ to any person or authority. Thus, its appellate powers are much wider as compared to any other federal system of the world. furthermore, Article 145 of the Constitution of India contains provisions to regulate the practice and procedure of the Supreme Court.

High Court The State judiciary consists of a High Court and a system of subordinate courts. The High Courts are the highest courts of law in the respective state or Union territory in which they are situated or have jurisdiction. The High Court can issue the writ to the person or authority having its location or residence within the territorial jurisdiction of the high court article 226 of the constitution.

Below the High Courts, the judiciary system has Subordinate courts. These courts come in close contact with the people and follow the law of the concerned state. The High Court of the respective state has administrative control over subordinate courts. 

3. A Quick graph depicting the Indian Judiciary System

Indian Judiciary
Indian Court System

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