Abortion Law in India

Is Abortion legal in India?

What Indian Law says about Abortion?

Abortion is legal in India. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971, regulates the legality of abortion in India. Under this act, abortion can be done legally under certain circumstances and with the consent of the pregnant woman. Key provisions of the MTP Act include:

Is Abortion Legal In India?

1. Conditions for abortion: 

Abortion is permitted if the pregnancy poses a risk to the physical or mental health of the woman, or there is a risk of fetal abnormalities. Additionally, pregnancies resulting from rape, contraceptive failure, or failure of a birth control device may also be legally terminated.

2. Gestational Limits:

The MTP Act sets different gestational limits for abortion based on specific circumstances. Abortion can usually be done up to 20 weeks of pregnancy. However, in some cases where the life of the woman is at great risk, the gestation limit can be extended beyond 20 weeks.

3. Authorization:

The decision to have an abortion is made by a registered medical practitioner (doctor) and requires the consent of the pregnant woman. In some cases, a second doctor’s opinion may be taken.

It is important to note that abortion laws and regulations may vary between different states in India. Some states have imposed additional requirements and regulations, so it is advisable to consult the specific laws and regulations of the relevant state to understand the detailed provisions relating to abortion.

Download the Act here

*Note:- this article is meant for educational purposes only and shall not consider legal advice. however, readers are advised to consult the legal expert for a specific concern 

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